Family, Estates & Trusts 


Category: Resulting Trust

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Assets Transferred from Mom to Daughter Challenged After Mom’s Death

It is common for a parent to leave a will dividing their estate equally among their children. That was the case in Simard v. Simard Estate, 2021 BCSC 1836, where a mother’s will left the residue of her estate to be divided equally among her four adult children. The problem? Almost all of the mother’s […]

BC Mom Who Transferred Property to Kids to Avoid Creditors Not Allowed to Reclaim It

Property transfers between parent and adult child are quite common. A parent may transfer property to an adult child for estate planning purposes or simply because a parent wants to make a gift to their child. Transfers for such purposes are not objectionable—though they can create unexpected problems. What is objectionable is transferring property to […]

Disinherited Second Wife’s Lawsuit Against Her Stepchildren Dismissed

Transferring property into joint tenancy for estate planning purposes often leads to family disputes and in some cases, litigation. For example, a parent may add their adult child as joint tenant on title to real property or include their child as a joint bank account holder. This may be done to avoid probate fees and […]
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Too Late for Mother to “Change Her Mind” After Gifting House to Daughter

A mother signed the paperwork to transfer ownership of her home to her daughter. No money was paid by the daughter when the transfer was made. A few years later, the mother said she never intended to give the property to her daughter as a gift or otherwise. She sued her daughter to recover legal […]
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Legal Presumption Determines Outcome of BC Estate Dispute Among Siblings

A recent BC estate dispute between a brother and sister over their father’s estate demonstrates the importance of proving intention when it comes to gifts of property made to a child during a parent’s lifetime. In Pavlovich v. Danilovic, 2020 BCCA 239 the brother said that his father intended to give him two properties as […]

Using Joint Tenancy as a Device for Estate Planning May Lead to Litigation

Vancouver estate lawyers often use joint tenancy as a form of estate planning in BC, particularly within a family context between parents and children. However, as reams of Vancouver litigation demonstrate, joint tenancy as an estate planning device can create unexpected problems, particularly when the interests of people or entities outside the family context are […]
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Resulting Trust for the Purposes of Creditors but Not Family Members?

Joint tenancy is a popular form of estate planning in BC. A common example of using joint tenancy for estate planning purposes is when a parent, during their lifetime, transfers an interest in their home to their adult child. Registering title to the property in joint tenancy with the intended beneficiary of the property is […]

Dividing an Estate: Gift During Lifetime of Parent to Adult Child

  When dividing an estate in BC, it is essential to determine what property of the will-maker forms part of the estate. If a will-maker made a valid gift of property during his or her lifetime, that property does not fall into the estate and the terms of the will do not apply to it. […]
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